LAW, ORDER AND JUSTICE

DIRECTORATE OF SOCIAL WELFARE

THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE was formed in 1957 after amalgamating offices of the Director of Backward Class Welfare and the Chief Inspector of Certified Schools.

Organisation.

At the State level, it is controlled by the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. The office of the Directorate of Social Welfare has been divided into two wings, one dealing with backward class welfare and the other dealing with correctional work and the work relating to the welfare of women under the social and moral hygiene programme and of the physically handicapped. In the Correctional Wing, the Director of Social Welfare is assisted by the Deputy Director of Social Welfare (Correctional Administration) who is also ex-officio Chief Inspector of Certified Schools and Chief Inspector of Certified Institutions. There are three Assistant Directors of Social Welfare each in charge of children's work, beggars' work and plan work, respectively. There is also a small unit of inspectorate staff working under the Chief Inspector.

At the divisional level the department has regional officers called Divisional Social Welfare Officers each posted at the headquarters of the revenue division. They are entrusted with administrative and supervisory work relating to all the subjects handled by the Directorate of Social Welfare. For correctional and allied work they have been given the assistance of an Inspector of Certified Schools. Since the formation of the Zilla Parishad, their services have been transferred to the Zilla Parishad.

At the district level, the Correctional Wing has no elaborate administrative machinery save superintendents of the institution posted in the districts wherever there are institutions. The District Social Welfare Officer is primarily responsible for welfare of backward classes.

The Correctional Administration Wing is responsible for the implementation of the Bombay Children Act, 1948, applicable to Western Maharashtra for the present, the Hyderabad Children Act, 1951, applicable to the districts of Marathwada region and the Central Provinces Children Act, 1928, applicable to the Vidarbha region.

Broadly speaking, all these Acts provide for the protection of destitute, neglected and victimised children below the age of 16 and seek reformation of delinquent children through training provided in remand homes and certified schools.

Children Act.

The Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959, deals with the problem of elimination of beggary. It is however not applicable throughout the State. The Bombay Probation of Offenders Act, 1938, provides for the probation of offenders in lieu of jail punishment in suitable cases recommended by the probation officers appointed by this department under the Act. Its jurisdiction extends over the districts of Western Maharashtra only. The Central Provinces and Berar Probation of Offenders Act, 1936, is applicable to the eight districts of Vidarbha region. The Bombay Habitual Offenders Restriction Act, 1959, is applicable to Western Maharashtra only and deals with the prevention of crime and treatment of offenders. Such habitual offenders are sent to Industrial and Agricultural Settlements for their rehabilitation in appropriate cases. The Bombay Borstal Schools Act, 1929, is applicable to Western Maharashtra and deals with offenders between the ages of 16 and 21 and committed to the Borstal School, Dharwar. The Reformatory Schools Act, 1897, is in operation in the districts of Vidarbha region. The provisions of the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956, are, implemented by the Police Department. However the Department of Social Welfare is responsible for starting the protective homes and supervising the administration of these Homes provided for in the Act. For this purpose the Chief Inspector of Certified Schools is the Chief Inspector of the Protective Homes. The Women's and Children's Institutions Licensing Act, 1956, is an all-India legislation provided for the licensing of institutions opened by voluntary agencies for the benefit of women and children. For the inspection and supervision of such institutions a special officer, a Woman Inspector is appointed, while the Director of Social Welfare works as licensing authority.

After-care Programme.

Besides these social legislations with which this department is actively concerned, the Directorate of Social Welfare has undertaken the following after-care programmes pertaining to the welfare of children and women.

The Maharashtra State Probation and After-Care Association is a federal body devoted to the care and after-care programmes relating to children. Wherever the Bombay Children Act has been applied, remand homes are sponsored by the District Probation and After-Care Associations which are affiliated to this body. In the after-care field the Association maintains after-care hostels for boys and girls released from certified schools.

Social and Moral Hygiene Programme.

The object of the social and moral hygiene programmes  sponsored by the Central Social Welfare Board is to take care of  women s welfare. It envisages the opening of Reception Centres and State Homes for women and District Shelters and State Homes for men, either released from the correctional institutions or seeking shelter on reference. The Reception Centres and two State Homes have been functioning in the State of Maharashtra for girls and women in moral danger, destitute or deserted women or women released from institutions. Four District Shelters and one State Home admit men released from correctional institutions or needing shelter and help.

The department is also in charge of work relating to the education and rehabilitation of the physically handicapped. At the headquarters, the work is organised by an officer designated as the Special Officer for the rehabilitation of the physically handicapped. The department runs schools for the various categories of the handicapped and also Shelter Workshops for their sake as well as a Home for crippled children for their treatment and education. It also aids voluntary agencies doing work in this field.

The department also accords grants to dance, drama and music institutions and also to other social welfare institutions such as Rescue Homes, Mahila Mandals, Akhadas, Kustigir Parishads, Bharat Sevak Samaj, etc. As a preventive measure, Juvenile Guidance Centres have been organised in localities which are the breeding places of delinquency. In order to promote proper community living among the youth, youth clubs have been organised. The Central Provinces and Berar Children Act, 1928 (C. P. and Berar Act. No. X of 1928), excepting Section 3 thereof, which is in operation in Amravati district bas been applied to the municipal limits of Amravati Town, to the premises of the Jagadamba-Kushta Niwas, Tapowan, Amravati, limits of Badnera Town and to the Railway Station area of the Badnera Junction of the Central Railway, with effect from 1st October 1960.

Remand Home.

A Remand Home has been sanctioned for the reception of children coming under the purview of the Central Provinces and Berar Children Act, under the management of the District Probation and After-Care Association, Amravati, and for the payment of 100% grant-in-aid on account of the expenditure thereof both recurring and non-recurring for a period of one year in the first instance.

A Remand Home with an accommodating capacity for 35 boys was established at Badnera in 1961. On the 15th of October 1961, there were 32 boys in the Remand Home.

GRANTS-IN-AID

Besides the abovementioned statutory provisions, there are two schemes administered by this department in the district. The department gives- grant-in-aid to social welfare institutions and physical welfare institutions. the following institutions received grants-in-aid from the department during 1960-61: -

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--

Rs.

(a)

Bal Shikshana Mandal, Amravati

700

(b)

Bharuka Maternity Home, Chandur

600

(c)

Prabodhan Gita Mandal, Daryapur..

400

(d)

Saraswati Bhagini Mandal, Warud

600

(e)

Kasturba Gram Seva and Arogya Kendra Manikpur, Taluka

550

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Morshi.

--

(f)

Kasturba Arogya Mandir, Madhan, taluka Achalpur

1,600

(g)

Maternity Home and Child Welfare Centre, Paratwada

700

(h)

Kasturba Gram Seva Arogya Adivasi Seva Kendra, Gondwadi

600

(i)

R. G. Mote Maternity Home, Amravati

500

(i)

Sarvodaya Mandal, Karajgaon, taluka Morshi

1,000

Grants to Physical Welfare Institutions, Vidarbha (1960-61)

(a)

Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Amravati

1,600

(b)

Vijay Mandal, Amravati..

750

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