About Amravati District

General Information
HISTORY
                 Amravati District  with the rest of the Berar was assigned to the East India Company by the Nizam following the treaty of 1853. After this province was assigned to the Company, it was divided into two districts, South Berar with its headquarters at Hingoli with neighbouring region restored to the Nizam and North Berar was reconstituted into East Berar with headquarters at Akola.
                 In 1864,the district of Yeotmal was separated from Amravati.In 1903, the Treaties of Assignment were superseded by an agreement under which the Nizam leased Berar to the Government of India in perpetuity. Berar was joined to the central provinces in 1903 to form the enlarged province of central provinces and Berar.
                 With the recognition of States in1956,Amravati district ,along with other districts of Vidarbha region was included in the then Bilingual Bombay State. Since  the bifurcation of Bombay state into Maharashtra and Gujrat in 1960, Amravati,along with other districts of Vidharbha formed one of the districts of Maharashtra.

LOCATION  AND ADMINISTRATIVE  DIVISIONS
                              The district is located between 21046' North to 20032' North and 78027' East to 76037', which essentially indicates that Amravati District is located in the Deccan plateau. Amravati district covers an area of 12626 sq.kms.The districts adjacent to Amravati are Nagpur, Akola, Wardha, Yeotmal, and the state of Madhya Pradesh.
The district is divided into 14 Talukas and six sub-divisions as per details given below.
Sub-Divisions Talukas within the sub-division
Amravati Amravati,Bhatukali and Nandgaon Khandeshwar
Daryapur Daryapur and Anjangaon
Achalpur Achalpur and Chandur Bazar
Morshi Morshi and Warud
Dharni Dharni and Chikhaldara
Chandur (Rly) Chandur (Rly),Tiosa and Dhamangaon


CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
                                 Amravati faces extreme variations in temperature with very hot summers and very cold winters. Amravati district receives rainfall from south westerly monsoons mainly in the months of June, July, August and September. July and August are the months during which the maximum rainfall as well as maximum continuous rainfall.

AGRICULTURE AND CROPS
                               The main agriculture crops in the district along with the market area are given in the table below.

             Types   Names   Area    (Ha) Market (District, State, Export)
Major Crops (Irrigated) Wheat
Gram
12980
9480
  District
  District/State
Major Crops (Non-Irrigated) Cotton
Jawar
Toor
Moong
Groundnut
Sesamun
Soyabean
Gram
Sunflower
368230
129640
83680
35350
10470
4750
92180
26765
19120
  State/Export
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
Major Cash Crops Cotton
Orange
Groundnut
Soyabean
Chilli
Banana
368230
57650
10430
92180
3113
224
  State/Export
  State/Export
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
  District/State
Major Plantations Orange
Banana
57650
424
  State/Export
  District/State

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Education
                            Amravati district is well known for the its educational facilities. The district gets inspiration from its great sons Shri GadageBaba, Saint Tukadoji Maharaj, and Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh who brought about a revolution in the field of education.
                            Established on the 1st of May 1983, Amravati University has a lion's share in its contribution to the educational development of Vidarbha. Amravati University covers five major district in Vidarbha viz. Amravati, Akola, Yeotmal, Buldhana, and Washim. There are affiliated 180 colleges, 22 postgraduate departments and one College of Education run by the University.
                           The district is also reputed for the technical education. There are three Engineering colleges viz.
1) Government College of Engineering, Amravati.
2) V.Y.W.S. College of Engineering, Badnera (Rly), Amravati.
3) Sipana College of Engineering, Amravati  and four polytechnic colleges.
               In Amravati, there are four medical colleges of which two run Ayurvedic course, one for each Allopathy, Homeopathy, and one Dental College. viz.
1)Panjabrao Deshmukh Memorial Medical College, Amravati.
2)Vidarbha Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Amravati.
3)V.Y.W.S. Dental College, Amravati.
4)Shri Vallabh Takhatmal College of Homeopathy, Amravati.
5)Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Institute of Homeopathic Medical Science, Amravati

The only law college in Amravati is Panjabrao Deshmukh Law College.
                Amravati has gained a place of honour in the field of physical education because of Shri Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal. Situated in the heart of the city, it is enriched with the modern facilities that can be compared with the best in world of sports. H.V.P.M. also runs Degree College of  Physical Education.

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The places of tourist attraction in Amravati are
 *Chikhaldara:
                         
It is featured in Mahabharata and thereby hangs a tale. this is a place where Bheema killed villainous Keechaka in a Herculean bout and threw him into a valley. It came to  be known as "Keechakadhara" - Chikhaldara is a corruption.
                          But there is more to Chikhaldara. It has added distinction of being the only coffee growing area  in Maharashtra. It abounds in wildlife - panthers, sloth Bears, Sambars, wild Boar, even the rarely seen wild Dogs.
                               Close by is the famous Melghat Tiger Project which has more than 100 tigers. the scenic beauty of Chikhaldara can be enjoyed from Hurricane point, Prospect point and Devi point. Other interesting excursions include Gavilgad and Narnala Fort, the Pundit Nehru Botanical Garden, the tribal museum and the Semadoh lake.
                              Situated at an altitude of 1118 meters,Chikhaldara receives an annual rainfall of 154 cm. The temperature varies from 390C in summer and 50C in winter. October to June is the best time to visit Chikhaldara.     
   Getting there:  The nearest railhead is Amravati on Central Railway Branch  line, 100 km from Chikhaldara, and 763 km from Mumbai is connected to  most major cities by road. Regular S.T. bus services connect Chikhaldara to  Amravati, Nagpur, Wardha, Akola and other cities.
   Accommodation:  Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation(M.T.D.C.)  has resorts at Ckhikhaldara. For reservations contact.
                          M.T.D.C.,
                          C/o P.W.D. Rest House,
                          Maltekadi Road, Amravati-444 601
                          Maharashtra.
                          Tel-fax: (0721) 674 008

    Also Nature Education and Interpretation Centre, Semadoh provides facilities of accommodation and Nature Education. Main features are
  1. Huts, tents
  2. Museum cum  Interpretation Centre
  3. Nature trails
  4. Wildlife viewing
  5. Nature camp sites
  6. Open air theatre for wildlife films
  7. Nature trek facilities
Reservation Authorities:
1. Field Director, Project Tiger Melghat,
    Amravati- 444 602
     Phone(0721) 662792, 662680
2. Dy.Conservator of Forests,
    Project Tiger Melghat, Division-1,
    Paratwada Dist.- Amravati
    Phone:-(07223) 20214

* Other Historical and Religious Centers are:

Melghat Tiger Project, Chikhaldara
Melghat Tiger project, Chikhaldara
Name of the Historical and Religious Centers Periods of Festival,Occasions,Months Nearest Urban or Major rural Centre Estimated Tourist or visiting population

Amravati: Ambadevi and Ekvira Navratra Mahotsav

Nine days from Ashwin Shukla 1'st to 9'th(Sept-Oct) Amravati 10 Lakh during entire period

Kondeshwar & Tapowaneshwar

Each Monday in the month of Shrawan (July-Sept) & Mahashivratri (Jan-April) on Magh Krushna 13 Amravati 22 Thousand

Salbardi: Shambhu Mahadev Pilramage

Magh Krushna 13, Five days fair during Mahashivratri. Amravati, Morshi 70 Thousand

Nerpinglai

Navratra Mahotsav during 1'st to 9'th of Ashwin Shukla (Sept-Oct) Amravati, Morshi 50 Thousand

Riddhapur: Shree Govind Prabhu fair of Mahanubhav Culture

Ashad Shukla 15 ( Full Moon Day) Chandur Bazar, Amravati 50 Thousand

Kaundannyapur: Shree Kaundannyapur fair

From Kartik Shukla 15 (Full Moon Day) for one week Tiosa, Amravati 50 Thousand

Mozari : Rashtra Sant Tukdiji Maharaj Yatra

Ashwin Waddya 5 for three days Tiosa, Amravati 75 thousand during entire period

Jahagirpur (Marda) : Hanuman fair

Chaitra Paurnima Hanuman Jayanti Tiosa, Amravati 50 thousand

Bhiltek Nagoba Yatra

Each Sunday in the month of Pausha Chandur Rly. 30 thousand

Ghuikhed : Mendoli baba Yatra

Rathasaptami Magh Shukla 7. Each Sunday in the month of Pausha Chandur Rly. 40 thousand

Amla Vishveshwar sant Eknath Maharaj Yatra

Marga. Shukla 15 Paurnima Chandur Rly. 50 thousand

Rianmochan Mahadev Yatra

Each Sunday in the month of Pausha and Rathasaptami Bhatkuli, Amravati 40 thousand

Bahiram: Bahiram Khandoba & Bahiram Bowaji

Kartik Paurnima Shirsha, Shukla 6 and the month of Pausha Bahiram 50 thousand

Sawanga Vithoba

On Gudhipadawa day Chandur Rly. 10 thousand

Gavilgad Fort at Chikhaldara in Satpura ranges- A Historical Place

Over the entire year Chikhaldara 7 thousand a year

Talegaon Dashasahastra: An ancient Historical town where there are old temples, bricks that float on water, deep Celler, God Mahadeva's great temple, old wells with steps

Over the entire year Chandur Rly. 5 thousand a year

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Irrigation Projects
The main rivers in Amravati district are
  • Tapi
  • Purna
  • Chandrabhaga
  • Pedhi
  • Wardha
  • Shahanoor

    The Dams  in Amravati District are:
    Upper Wardha Project
    Lower Wardha Project
    Chandrabhaga Project
    Bembala Project
    Sapan Project
    Purna Project
Location of the Project(s) Upper Wardha Purna Chandrabhaga
Catchment Area sq.km. 4302 390.79 104.64
Target Command Area sq.km. 830 62.75 70.13


Amravati Irrigation Division, Amravati Completed M.I. Tanks - 42.
Zilla Parishad Minor Irrigation Division, Amravati
           i) Completed Irrigation Tanks - 58
          ii) Completed Percon. Tanks - 50
         iii) Irrigation Projects in Progress : a) Irrigation Tanks - 3
                                                          ............. b) Percon. Tanks   - 4
         iv) a) Completed Village Tanks - 8    (From Regular Provision)
              .b) Completed Village Tanks - 57 (Under E.G.S.)
              .c) Completed Village Tanks - 29 ( Under Jawahar Wells Scheme)
        v) .a) Village Tanks in Progress - 10 (Under E.G.S.)
             .b) Village Tanks in Progress- 22 (Under Jawahar Wells Scheme)
Superintending Engineer Minor Irrigation (Local Sector) Circle, Amravati.

Category Completed In progress Total
M.I. Tanks 54 16 70
Percolation Tanks 65 10 75
Village Tanks 13 29 42
K.T.Weirs 41 51 92
Total 173 106 279

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